Definition[ edit ] The definition of a ghost town varies between individuals, and between cultures.
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Some writers discount settlements that were abandoned as a result of a natural or human-made disaster or other causes using the term only to describe settlements that were deserted because they were no longer economically viable; T. Lindsey Baker, author of Ghost Towns of Texas, defines a ghost town as "a town for which the reason for being no longer exists". American author Lambert Florin's defined a ghost town as "a shadowy semblance of a former self".
Economic activity shifting elsewhere[ edit ] As farms industrializesmaller farms are no longer economically viable, leading to rural decay. Ghost towns may result when the single activity or resource that created fogyókúrás üdülőhelyek ontario-ban boomtown e.
Boomtowns can often decrease in size as fast as they initially grew. Sometimes, all or nearly the entire population can desert the town, resulting in a ghost town.
The dismantling of a boomtown can often occur on a planned basis. Mining companies nowadays will create a temporary community to service a mine site, building all the accommodations, shops and services required, and then remove them once the resource has been extracted.
Modular buildings can be used to facilitate the process. A gold rush would often bring intensive but short-lived economic activity to a remote fogyókúrás üdülőhelyek ontario-ban, only to leave a ghost town once the resource was depleted.
In some cases, multiple factors may remove the economic basis for a community; some former mining towns on U. Route 66 suffered both mine closures when the resources were depleted and loss of highway traffic as US 66 was diverted away from places like Oatman, Arizona fogyókúrás üdülőhelyek ontario-ban a more direct path. Mine and pulp mill closures have led to many ghost towns in British Columbia, Canada including several relatively recent ones: Ocean Falls which closed in after the pulp mill was decommissioned, Kitsault B.
In other cases, the reason for abandonment can arise from a town's intended economic function shifting to another, nearby place.
This happened to Collingwood, Queensland in Outback Australia when nearby Winton outperformed Collingwood as a regional centre fogyókúrás üdülőhelyek ontario-ban the livestock-raising industry. The railway reached Winton inlinking it with the rest of Queenslandand Collingwood was a ghost town by the following year.
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The Middle East has many ghost towns that were created when the shifting of politics or the fall of empires caused capital cities to be socially or economically unviable, such as Ctesiphon. The rise of condominium investment and a resulting real estate bubble may also lead to a ghost town, as real estate prices rise and affordable housing becomes legjobb olcsó fogyás kiegészítő available.
Such examples include China and Canadawhere housing is often used as an investment rather than for habitation. Human intervention[ edit ] Prior to the Turkish invasion of Cyprus inVaroshanow falling into ruin, was once a modern tourist area.
Railroads and roads bypassing or no longer reaching a town can also create a ghost town. This was the case in many of the ghost towns along Ontario's historic Opeongo Lineand along U.
Route 66 after motorists bypassed the latter on the faster moving highways I and I Some ghost towns were founded along railways where steam trains would stop at periodic intervals to take on water.
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Amboy, California was part of one such series of villages along the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad across the Mojave Desert. River re-routing is another factor, one example being the towns along the Aral Sea. Ghost towns may be created when land is expropriated by a government, and residents are required to relocate.
A similar situation occurred in the U. This required NASA fogyókúrás üdülőhelyek ontario-ban acquire a large approximately square-mile 88 km2 buffer zone because of the loud noise and potential dangers associated with testing such rockets. Five thinly populated rural Mississippi communities Gainesville, Logtown, Napoleon, Santa Rosa, and Westoniaplus the northern portion of a sixth Pearlingtonalong with families in residence, had to be completely relocated away from the facility.
Sometimes the town might cease to officially exist, but the physical infrastructure remains. For example, the five Mississippi communities that had to be abandoned to build SSC still have remnants of those communities within the facility itself. These include city streets, now overgrown with forest flora and fauna, and a one-room schoolhouse.
Another example of infrastructure remaining is the former town of Weston, Illinoisthat voted itself out of existence and turned hogyan lehet fogyni a bokám körül land over for construction of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.
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Many houses and even a few barns remain, used for housing visiting scientists and storing maintenance fogyókúrás üdülőhelyek ontario-ban, while roads that used to cross through the site have been blocked off at the edges of the property, with gatehouses or barricades to prevent unsupervised access. Flooding by dams[ edit ] Construction of dams has produced fogyókúrás üdülőhelyek ontario-ban towns that have been left underwater.
Examples include the settlement of Loyston, TennesseeU. The town was reorganised and reconstructed on nearby higher ground. Mologa in Russia was flooded by the creation of Rybinsk reservoirand in France the Tignes Dam flooded the village of Tignes, displacing 78 families. The old town now lies submerged below the lake. Old Adaminaby was flooded by a dam of the Snowy River Scheme. Another example of towns left underwater is Tehri ; by the construction of the Tehri Dam in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
Massacres[ edit ] Nature slowly reclaiming the ruins in Agdam Some towns become deserted when their populations are massacred. The original French village at Oradour-sur-Glane was destroyed on 10 June when of its inhabitants were killed by a German Waffen-SS company.
A new village was built after the war on a nearby site, and the ruins of the original have been maintained as a memorial. Another example is Agdam city of Azerbaijan. The heavy fighting forced the entire population to flee.
Upon seizing the city, Armenian forces destroyed much of the town to discourage Azerbaijanis from returning. More damage occurred in the following decades when locals looted the abandoned town for building materials. It is currently almost entirely ruined and uninhabited. Disasters, actual and anticipated[ edit ] CracoItaly, was abandoned fogyókúrás üdülőhelyek ontario-ban to a landslide in It has since become a popular film set.